High Court to rule on bid for injunction to block BBC story over ‘MI5 informant’

Attorney General Suella Braverman is seeking an injunction to block the planned broadcast, arguing it would damage national security.

07 April 2022

The High Court is due to give a ruling on whether the BBC can identify a “dangerous extremist and misogynist” who is allegedly an MI5 informant.

Attorney General Suella Braverman is seeking an injunction to block the planned broadcast, arguing it would damage national security and create “a real and immediate risk of serious or life-threatening harm” to the man.

The broadcaster argues it is in the public interest for his identity to be revealed.

The proposed report would claim the man, identified in proceedings as “X”, used his status as an agent to abuse, control and coerce a former partner, referred to by the pseudonym “Beth”, and that MI5 either knew or ought to have known about this and it was wrong to use him as an agent.

Attorney General BBC case
Attorney General Suella Braverman (James Manning/PA)

Lawyers for Ms Braverman argued at a hearing in March that there is no public interest in identifying him which would override the risk to the man’s life and the impact on national security.

Mr Justice Chamberlain has considered the case at both open and closed hearings and is due to give his decision at 10am on Thursday.

Lawyers representing Ms Braverman said at a previous hearing that she “neither confirms or denies” the BBC’s claim that X is an agent, or covert human intelligence source (Chis), but conducted the case on the “hypothetical assumption” that he is or was.

In written arguments before the court in March, Sir James Eadie QC, for the Attorney General, said: “Publication of the report would constitute a breach of confidence/false confidence by the BBC.

“To do so would damage national security and the public interest. It would also create a real and immediate risk of serious or life-threatening harm to X.

“Those impacts establish the most powerful public interests in restraining publication.

“There is no public interest in publication that could be said to override such interests.”

The barrister said that there are “avenues for complaint and investigation” in relation to any allegations against MI5, which have been set up “precisely to avoid the sort of damage to the public interest that the BBC’s proposed report would produce”.

He argued that identifying X as an MI5 agent was “obviously confidential” information.

Sir James also said the “most serious” allegations against X have been investigated by police and no further action was “considered appropriate to be taken”.

The High Court
The High Court (Anthony Devlin/PA)

He added: “The case of wrongdoing by X, and the subsequent speculation that MI5 must have been aware of it and failed to react appropriately, rests on foundations that are anything but solid.

“There is real doubt about the reliability, credibility and motivation of Beth. Police and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) have been involved but the outcome has been no action – in significant part because of those doubts.”

The Attorney General says there is no objection with a broadcast about the allegations against X and MI5’s use of agents which does not identify him, but argues that identifying him would be a breach of confidence and infringe X’s human rights.

However, Sir James said the BBC has “no interest in producing an anonymous or diluted” version of the report.

The BBC says that the broadcast of the story, and the identification of X by name, is in the public interest and is contesting the application for an injunction.

One of the women who alleges she has been abused by him said she fears X will kill a woman if he is not “challenged and exposed”.

Mr Justice Chamberlain said in an earlier ruling that the proposed programme includes “allegations that X is a dangerous extremist and misogynist who physically and psychologically abused two former female partners”.

It also includes allegations that X is a Chis or agent for the security service, that he told one of the women that he worked for MI5 “in order to terrorise and control her”, and that MI5 “should have known about X’s behaviour and realised that it was inappropriate to use him as a Chis”, the judge said.

When the judge gives his ruling on the injunction, there will be both an open judgment which will be made public, and a closed judgment which will be seen only by the Attorney General’s legal team and the special advocates.

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